Family court is complicated. It is governed by a number of rules that tend to differ in different states. They hear many types of cases related to domestic life or familial relationships. Though the rules and regulation might change from state to state, the final aim of a family court is to arrive at the best possible solution for all the members involved. Those individuals, who are looking for more information on the laws that apply to their state’s family court, browse through www.Nolo.com. In this primer, we give a gist of the types of cases family court handles.
In general, a family court presides on the following types of cases:
• Domestic Violence
• Domestic violence
• Child support
• Child custody like adoption and foster care placement
In some locations, juvenile delinquency cases are decided by a court other than the one that handles divorce. But, whichever be the case, the end goal is to give the children involved the best environment possible within the limits of the law. The purpose of the family court, in cases involving children, is to give a stable family unit to the child. Two types of family court cases that have seen a rise in recent years are detailed further.
The number of reports of domestic violence has increased because the family court does not require the permission of the victim to press charges in some cases. Unlike in the past, where the abused had to bring charges against the perpetrator to get justice now, it is not so. The family court can penalize the abuser with financial and legal charges. The victim also gets further protection in the form of restraining orders. This stops the abuser from gaining access to the victim. Some states have taken the step further and allowed restraining orders to be issued without permission from the victim.
A domestic violence case is especially complicated because even after facing abuse, few victims are able to break bonds of family. This has led to rules that allow the abuser to be charged while still having the freedom to see their victim. It is not just physical trauma that occurs with domestic violence but also psychological. This makes the decisions of the family court complex. The court can make decisions without testimony or consent, to make the entire ordeal easier for the victims. Though, this law is applicable only in some areas.
Legally, marriage is a contract that bounds two individuals through obligations that have been promised to each other. It is the number one reason family courts thrive. They are the root of most cases handled by the family court. Because marriage can create complication, the intervention of court is required at times. Family court presides on annulments, i.e. in cases where there was no legally permissible marriage or any disputes that may arise. It can settle issues like deciding if a couple was cohabiting or living as married people. Even something as simple as the marriage license is issued by them.